Housing Delayed and Denied: NDIA Decision-Making on Specialist Disability Accommodation Funding
In the past year, an increasing number of people have received SDA funding decisions that were not aligned with their needs and preferences.
In order to understand and engage with the SDA decision-making and appeals process, the Housing Hub and the Public Interest Advocacy Centre (PIAC) commenced a collaborative project in mid-2021, providing legal help to NDIS participants who are seeking reviews of SDA funding decisions at the Administrative Appeals Tribunal (AAT). This new report presents our early findings.
Skipsey, M., Winkler, D., Cohen, M., Mulherin, P., Rathbone, A., Efstathiou, M. (2022). Housing Delayed and Denied: NDIA Decision-Making on Specialist Disability Accommodation. Public Interest Advocacy Centre and Housing Hub.
On-site shared support in Specialist Disability Accommodation – Discussion paper
In 2021 the Summer Foundation held a series of workshops and interviews with on-site support providers, specialist disability accommodation (SDA) providers, and tenants living in SDA apartments. Preliminary findings from the workshops were published in May 2022, and the main findings were that there is scope for service redesign and innovation to improve the quality and efficiency of support.
We are seeking input from support providers for improving the preliminary report and recommendations. Please contact firstname.lastname@example.org by 30 June 2022.
CHPs and Disability Housing: An Exploration of SDA
Housing for people with disability is provided across different sectors, with community housing providers (CHPs), government, community organisations and now Specialist Disability Accommodation (SDA) providers playing a role.
Around 40% of households in social housing accommodate one or more people with disability, so the CHPs who manage social and affordable housing play a key role in providing housing to people with disability. While CHPs are participating in the SDA market, the SDA Supply in Australia report found that only 11.3% of new SDA is being developed by CHPs.
Until now, research exploring the role of CHPs in providing accessible housing to people with disability has been lacking, and there has been a lack of understanding as to why CHPs appear to be relatively absent in the SDA market.
So in January and February 2022, the Summer Foundation and the Housing Hub surveyed CHPs, asking providers to provide information on a range of issues, including:
- Confidence in the SDA market
- Challenges related to finding tenants and filing vacancies
- Impact of changes to the National Construction Code
Support in Specialist Disability Accommodation (SDA) Apartments. Findings from co-design workshops and interviews with tenants and providers.
The NDIA promotes innovation in the provision of housing and supports, and is seeking to “encourage new models of home and living” that replace more institutional arrangements, such as group homes or younger people living in aged care. One such model is the provision of on-site shared support (OSS) for people with disability living in co-located Specialist Disability Accommodation (SDA).
This report provides findings from co-design workshops and interviews conducted in mid-2021 with NDIS participants living in SDA, and OSS and SDA providers. It shows the effective delivery of OSS in co-located SDA provides NDIS participants with the foundation they need to achieve a range of goals related to housing, support, independence, community, social and economic participation.
The report provides an evidence base for the development of a range of potential solutions and resources to address the challenges identified by tenants and providers.
Winkler, Di., Finis, Carolyn., D’Cruz, Kate., Mulherin, Peter.,de Costa, Monique., Rathbone, Alecia., Condi, Amelia., Douglas, Jacinta. Support in Specialist Disability Accommodation (SDA) Apartments (2022).
Housing Seeker Snapshot – December 2021
On the Housing Hub website, people with disability who are looking for a home – housing seekers – can provide data about their housing needs and preferences and the site can then identify properties listed that are a close match.
In this second data snapshot, the Housing Hub is releasing data from housing seekers in a summarised way to inform the market. By doing this, the Housing Hub is working to ensure that the needs and wants of housing seekers are driving the market.
The Housing Hub will release this information every 6 months.
Completing a Home and Living Supports Request Form in relation to a person requiring Specialist Disability Accommodation (SDA)
If an NDIS participant has a home and living goal, they need to complete an NDIA Home and Living Supports Request Form. This resource provides tips for support coordinators and NDIS allied health professionals who are completing a form in relation to a person requiring Specialist Disability Accommodation (SDA).
Specialist Disability Accommodation – Supply in Australia: November 2021
The government expects that by 2025 up to 30,000 NDIS participants with ‘extreme functional impairment’ or ‘very high support needs’ will be receiving funding for Specialist Disability Accommodation (SDA). Understanding the current and future supply of SDA housing is crucial for supporting the development of the SDA market.
This report, Specialist Disability Accommodation (SDA) – Supply in Australia, is the fourth iteration of a national survey of SDA providers that aims to help inform stakeholders in the market.
You can view the previous editions of the SDA Supply Report through the links below:
Aimers, N., Wellecke, C., Winkler, D., Rathbone, A., & Mulherin, P. (2021)
Specialist Disability Accommodation (SDA) Investor Think Tank: Findings and Recommendations
Thousands of Specialist Disability Accommodation (SDA) dwellings are needed to meet Australia’s accessible housing needs. Private investors play a significant role in funding the considerable build and refurbishment of housing that is needed.
This investment plays an important role in supporting the Australian Government’s vision for a market-based system and reduces the pressure on public funds.
Madhavan, D., Mulherin, P., Winkler, D, (2021).
Specialist Disability Accommodation (SDA) in Thin Markets
Specialist Disability Accommodation (SDA) in Thin Markets resource identifies challenges and barriers to delivering SDA in thin markets. It explains the role that housing providers, disability support providers and all members of the community play in shaping opportunities for people with disability. The resource focuses on rural and remote areas in Western Australia and Queensland, Robust SDA and the impact the lack of SDA has on other mainstream systems.
SDA eligibility criteria
Specialist Disability Accommodation (SDA) is a costly support that will be provided to only a small number of NDIS participants, so the rules the NDIS uses to determine a participant’s eligibility are rigorously applied. To be considered for SDA, a participant must provide evidence to support EVERY criteria along one of the pathways in this flowchart.
For the exact wording of each rule, refer to the Summer Foundation’s How to write a housing plan resource.
How to write a housing plan
How to write a Housing Plan – Guide and the Housing Plan Template have been created to help support coordinators write housing plans for NDIS participants who want to test their eligibility for Specialist Disability Accommodation (SDA) funding. The purpose of a housing plan is to provide the NDIA with evidence that the person you’re working for requires SDA to reach their goals, maximise their independence, and social and economic participation. Download Housing Plan Template
The guide provides information on what to include to achieve the best possible outcome for the person you’re working for.
Queensland SDA and Housing Provider Directory
The purpose of the directory is to provide information to hospital discharge teams and their patients about housing providers who may have suitable housing options for discharging patients who are NDIS participants, but are having difficulties locating suitable housing.
About Specialist Disability Accommodation
This resource provides an overview of housing options, including Specialist Disability Accommodation (SDA), in the National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS). The role of SDA is explained along with how SDA payments, provided in an individual participant’s plan, flow through to a registered provider of SDA housing.
Lisa is moving out of aged care
Lisa has lived in a nursing home for about 6 years. Her main goal was to get of the nursing home. Lisa shares how it feels to be preparing to move into an SDA apartment.
Sam Shares ‘things that helped me move’
Sam has moved from a group home into an SDA apartment. Sam would like to share with others things that helped this move. “We don’t know what we could be, but it is a lot more than they expect.”
NDIS housing pathway
On this resource we detail one pathway to mainstream housing. If you have searched for mainstream housing and discovered you can’t access it because of your disability, you can test your eligibility for SDA on the second page.
SDA payments guide
This guide explains what Specialist Disability Accommodation (SDA) payments are, who they are paid to and how they are accessed. For people who have SDA payments included in their NDIS Plan, it explains how to make the most of this funding.
Carol & Kevin support their daughter through her SDA journey
Kirby had to move home to live with her parents after her injury. It was always Kirby’s dream to return to independent living. Carol and Kevin share their journey of supporting Kirby through the SDA process.
Summary of Changes to SDA Framework
On 8 February 2019, the government announced ‘immediate reforms’ to Specialist Disability Accommodation (SDA) to improve choice and control for National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS) participants and boost market confidence. The changes arise from an Australian Government review in 2018 of the SDA Pricing and Payments Framework.
This summary provides background to the changes, what has changed now, and future changes to be brought in.
Joint Submission Review of the NDIS SDA Pricing and Payments Framework
The Specialist Disability Accommodation Pricing and Payments Framework is a new and innovative approach to encouraging high quality accessible housing in the market via incentive payments linked to individual participants.
This submission is made jointly by more than 20 organisations that are advocates for people with disability or providers of SDA housing and experienced with the way the SDA Framework is operating. The submission outlines key concerns about the SDA Framework that are hampering the potential to build a diverse, innovative and responsive SDA market meeting the housing needs and preferences of participants.
Summary of the NDIA’s SDA Provider and Investor Brief
The National Disability Insurance Agency (NDIA) published a Specialist Disability Accommodation Provider and Investor Brief on 24 April 2018. The purpose of the Brief is to clarify the SDA Pricing and Payments framework for market providers.
The NDIA’s Brief is quite long, so we’ve made this summary of key points. For each point, we’ve included the related page number from the Brief. We also provide our early view on what we think the Brief is saying about how SDA will operate.
Michelle’s housing journey
At the age of 19, Michelle suffered an asthma attack and spent nearly two years in a nursing home. This is Michelle’s journey to once again living independently.
SDA market insights
Knowing where Specialist Disability Accommodation (SDA) is required, what people’s needs and preferences are and insights into new SDA being built allow investors, SDA developers and housing providers to plan with confidence. This report is the result of a collaboration between SGS Economics, the Australian Housing and Urban Research Institute and the Summer Foundation.
SGS Economics and Planning Pty Ltd and Summer Foundation (2018).
Establishing Effective SDA Projects
This document shares the practical elements of what is involved in creating housing projects that are suitable for people with complex needs and eligible for Specialist Disability Accommodation (SDA) payments. The report provides an overview and checklist for six stages of delivering SDA projects.
Using SDA to buy your own property
For people receiving SDA payments, home ownership may also be an option. The NDIS participant, or their family, can buy a property and use their SDA payments to cover the mortgage.
This resource outlines the steps and requirements involved in using SDA payments to purchase your own property.
NDIS speciality disability accommodation: Pathway to a mature market
This joint Summer Foundation–PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC) paper provides a broad overview of a mature Specialist Disability Accommodation (SDA) market from different perspectives.
This report aims to provide the information necessary to see the SDA market grow. It shares our vision of what a mature SDA market will look like, highlights 5 different types of market players involved and shares lessons learnt from the growth of other markets. It also identifies 9 key enablers that can be used to monitor the maturity of the SDA market.
Winkler, D., Bo’sher, L., Taleporos, G., Brown, A., Gay, B., Hall, S., Lorenzo, R., Rutherford, T., Teschendorf, S., Tse, A., Yeo, M. (2017). Summer Foundation and PricewaterhouseCoopers.