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May 2022

Housing Delayed and Denied: NDIA Decision-Making on Specialist Disability Accommodation Funding

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Description:

In the past year, an increasing number of people have received SDA funding decisions that were not aligned with their needs and preferences.

 

In order to understand and engage with the SDA decision-making and appeals process, the Housing Hub and the Public Interest Advocacy Centre (PIAC) commenced a collaborative project in mid-2021, providing legal help to NDIS participants who are seeking reviews of SDA funding decisions at the Administrative Appeals Tribunal (AAT). This new report presents our early findings.


Citation:

Skipsey, M., Winkler, D., Cohen, M., Mulherin, P., Rathbone, A., Efstathiou, M. (2022). Housing Delayed and Denied: NDIA Decision-Making on Specialist Disability Accommodation. Public Interest Advocacy Centre and Housing Hub.


April 2022

Moving into new housing designed for people with disability: preliminary evaluation of outcomes

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Description:

This article presents initial findings of a national longitudinal study of the experiences of people who have moved into Specialist Disability Accomodation (SDA). The study shows that disability housing built with tenant outcomes in mind improves independence, health, wellbeing and community integration.

 

You can also read a Summary here.


Citation:

J. Douglas, D. Winkler, S. Oliver, S.Liddicoat, K. D’Cruz. Moving into new housing designed for people with disability: preliminary evaluation of outcomes (2022)


March 2022

Support in Specialist Disability Accommodation (SDA) Apartments. Findings from co-design workshops and interviews with tenants and providers.

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Description:

The NDIA promotes innovation in the provision of housing and supports, and is seeking to “encourage new models of home and living” that replace more institutional arrangements, such as group homes or younger people living in aged care. One such model is the provision of on-site shared support (OSS) for people with disability living in co-located Specialist Disability Accommodation (SDA).
 
This report provides findings from co-design workshops and interviews conducted in mid-2021 with NDIS participants living in SDA, and OSS and SDA providers. It shows the effective delivery of OSS in co-located SDA provides NDIS participants with the foundation they need to achieve a range of goals related to housing, support, independence, community, social and economic participation.
 
The report provides an evidence base for the development of a range of potential solutions and resources to address the challenges identified by tenants and providers.


Citation:

Winkler, Di., Finis, Carolyn., D’Cruz, Kate., Mulherin, Peter.,de Costa, Monique., Rathbone, Alecia., Condi, Amelia., Douglas, Jacinta. Support in Specialist Disability Accommodation (SDA) Apartments (2022).


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January 2022

Pre Budget Submission (2022)

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Description:

More than 50 young people continue to enter aged care each month. Most young people enter aged care via hospital -they fall through the gap between the hospital and the disability sectors.
 
Additionally over 1,100 long stay NDIS participants are stuck in Australian hospitals at a cost of $860m per annum. People with disability remain in hospital for months after they are clinically ready for discharge because it takes the NDIA an average of 60 days to determine eligibility and allocate funding for supports in an NDIS plan. Funding for SDA can take much longer.
 
Many NDIS participants have to go to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal (AAT) to get the right SDA determination. This can take up to another year, costing the Federal Government $17 million per annum (reported by the NDIA) and causing undue stress to NDIS participants and their families.
 
Lack of disability housing is not the main barrier to hospital discharge. According to the NDIA, there are 3,000 vacancies in disability housing across Australia, 800 of which are new build SDA.
 
In 2016, the NDIS committed to providing $700 million per year to housing payments called SDA. Last year the NDIA only allocated 31% of the committed $700 million for SDA (the partial allocation of committed funding also occurred in prior years).
The Federal Government will not achieve its 2022 or 2025 YPIRAC Targets unless:
 

  • The NDIA steps up and matches the efficiency of the aged care system in the timely allocation of funding for housing and support, post receipt of all required evidence to make an SDA determination.
  • There is investment in better hospital discharge for people with severe disability


December 2021

Housing Seeker Snapshot – December 2021

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Description:

On the Housing Hub website, people with disability who are looking for a home – housing seekers – can provide data about their housing needs and preferences and the site can then identify properties listed that are a close match.

 

In this second data snapshot, the Housing Hub is releasing data from housing seekers in a summarised way to inform the market. By doing this, the Housing Hub is working to ensure that the needs and wants of housing seekers are driving the market.

 

The Housing Hub will release this information every 6 months.


November 2021

Storytellers with lived experience strengthening opportunities for people with disability to live independently – Co-design project

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Description:

Traditionally, people with disability have been co-located in shared living environments such as group homes and residential aged care, or with family when available. In the context of acquired disabilities, discharge pathways from
hospital to home can be challenging, with many people who have sustained a spinal cord injury or acquired brain injury being unable to return to their pre-injury homes, and finding themselves living in shared living environments.

 

The aim of this co-design project was to create a series of tools to build the capacity of people with disability to make informed decisions about housing options.


Citation:

D’Cruz, K., de Costa, M., Winkler, D. Douglas, J. (2021). Storytellers with lived experience strengthening opportunities for people with disability to live independently: A co-design project. Melbourne, Australia: Summer Foundation.


November 2021

Specialist Disability Accommodation – Supply in Australia: November 2021

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Description:

The government expects that by 2025 up to 30,000 NDIS participants with ‘extreme functional impairment’ or ‘very high support needs’ will be receiving funding for Specialist Disability Accommodation (SDA). Understanding the current and future supply of SDA housing is crucial for supporting the development of the SDA market. 

This report, Specialist Disability Accommodation (SDA) – Supply in Australia, is the fourth iteration of a national survey of SDA providers that aims to help inform stakeholders in the market.

You can view the previous editions of the SDA Supply Report through the links below:


Citation:

Aimers, N., Wellecke, C., Winkler, D., Rathbone, A., & Mulherin, P. (2021)


July 2021

Interim Report – Moving into new housing designed for people with disability: Evaluation of tenant outcomes

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Description:

The preliminary findings presented in this interim report examine the tenant outcomes of people with disability moving into SDA-funded apartments, with appropriate technology, support, design and location, in the 10+1 model. The overarching aim of the research project is to systematically evaluate individual outcomes of tenants moving to newly built, SDA-funded contemporary models of housing for people with disability over a 3-year period.

To date, this project has found that tenants have a greater level of community participation and are significantly more involved in household tasks such as meal preparation, shopping and electronic social networking post-move. There is also a positive trend towards improved social integration. These changes reflect the fact that tenants moving into SDA-funded apartments are more involved in everyday life compared to their pre-move living situation, suggesting that the 10+1 model better enables people with severe disabilities to fulfil their aspirations to live an ordinary life.

 


Citation:

Winkler, D., Douglas, J., Oliver, S., D’Cruz, K., Naismith, J., Minter, E., & Liddicoat, S. (2021).


July 2021

Separation of Housing and Support – Policy Position Statement by the Summer Foundation

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Description:

The provision of housing and supports must be separated to avoid conflicts of interest. Many participants receive a mixture of Specialist Disability Accommodation (SDA), Supported Independent Living (SIL), support coordination and other supports from the same provider. This presents an inherent conflict of interest that brings risk to participant safety, compromises housing security and limits or removes a participant’s right to exercise genuine choice and control.

 

This can result in limitations of a participant’s rights to exercise choice and control, including the inability to raise concerns or change support providers without putting at risk other services and supports they receive.


June 2021

Specialist Disability Accommodation (SDA) in Thin Markets

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Description:

Specialist Disability Accommodation (SDA) in Thin Markets resource identifies challenges and barriers to delivering SDA in thin markets. It explains the role that housing providers, disability support providers and all members of the community play in shaping opportunities for people with disability. The resource focuses on rural and remote areas in Western Australia and Queensland, Robust SDA and the impact the lack of SDA has on other mainstream systems.


Housing seeker snapshot

May 2021

Housing Seeker Snapshot

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Description:

A new version of the Housing Hub website was launched in August 2020. On this new version of the Housing Hub, people with disability who are looking for a home – housing seekers – can provide data about their housing needs and preferences and the website can then identify properties listed that are a close match.

 

In this data snapshot, the Housing Hub is releasing data from housing seekers in a summarised way to inform the market. By doing this, the Housing Hub is working to ensure that the wants and needs of housing seekers are driving the market.

 

The Housing Hub intends to release this information every 6 months.


Citation:

Rathbone, A., Aimers, N., Winkler, D. (2021). Housing Hub and Summer Foundation.


March 2021

Property developer Keith Fagg shares his experience building SDA

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Description:

Property Developer, Keith Fagg, talks about his motivation for building Specialist Disability Accommodation (SDA).


Report cover

February 2021

Housing Needs and Preferences to Support Discharge

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Citation:

The Housing Needs and Preferences to Support Discharge Guide and Template are for health professionals to support a person with disability to describe the housing and support they want and need so that they can be discharged to suitable housing.


February 2021

Audit of accessible features in new build houses plans

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Description:

This study audited 20 of the most popular house designs from Australia’s most active volume home builders. It found that many features of the Silver, Gold and Platinum levels of Livable Housing Australia’s (LHA) Livable Housing Design Guidelines are already incorporated into new dwellings produced by these builders.

Version 1.1 Updated February 2021.


Citation:

Winkler, D., Martel, A., Chen, Y., & Greaves, T. (2021)


January 2021

Specialist Disability Accommodation Supply in Australia: January 2021

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Description:

This report provides a comprehensive summary of the current supply of Specialist Disability Accommodation (SDA) in Australia. A national survey of SDA providers and developers was undertaken in October-November 2020. This survey offers insights into the SDA pipeline across Australia in 2020, and combines the survey results with the data published by the NDIA to provide the market an estimate of the supply pipeline. This report also provides insights into the experience of SDA providers. This includes their views about the SDA market as a whole, as well as plans they may have to develop further SDA.

This is the third annual report of its type, building on previous work of the Summer Foundation and Social Ventures Australia. The data in this report results from a survey of SDA providers in October and November 2020.

Previous editions of this report can be downloaded below.

Specialist Disability Accommodation Supply in Australia: March 2020
Specialist Disability Accommodation Supply in Australia: March 2019


Citation:

Housing Hub and Summer Foundation. (2021).


December 2020

Specialist Disability Accommodation (SDA) explainer for investors

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Description:

Impact investment is gaining considerable momentum in Australia and is starting to engage mainstream investors, investment banks and super funds. Impact investments generate a positive and measurable social and/or environmental impact as well as a financial return for investors. One of the limiting factors for the growth of impact investment in Australia is the lack of products that have the capacity for investment at scale. The Specialist Disability Accommodation (SDA) market is well placed to leverage private capital. The aim of this report is to provide a plain language summary of the SDA market to support impact investors to make informed choices about SDA impact investment opportunities.


Citation:

Winkler, D., McLeod, J., Mulherin, P., Rathbone, A., Ryan, M. (2020). Summer Foundation and JBWere.


October 2020

How to write a housing plan

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Description:

How to write a Housing Plan – Guide and the Housing Plan Template have been created to help support coordinators write housing plans for NDIS participants who want to test their eligibility for Specialist Disability Accommodation (SDA) funding. The purpose of a housing plan is to provide the NDIA with evidence that the person you’re working for requires SDA to reach their goals, maximise their independence, and social and economic participation. Download Housing Plan Template

 

The guide provides information on what to include to achieve the best possible outcome for the person you’re working for.


September 2020

Specialist Disability Accommodation (SDA) Fundamentals

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Description:

This short video about Specialist Disability Accommodation (SDA) and the accompanying flyers can be used by support coordinators to explain what SDA is to the people they are working with.


July 2020

The outcomes of individualized housing for people with disability and complex needs: A scoping review

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Description:

This review determines what is currently known about outcomes associated with individualised housing for adults with disability and complex needs.


Citation:

Oliver, S., Gosden-Kaye, E., Winkler, D., and Douglas, J. (2020). Disability and Rehabilitation.


July 2020

About Specialist Disability Accommodation

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Description:

This resource provides an overview of housing options, including Specialist Disability Accommodation (SDA), in the National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS). The role of SDA is explained along with how SDA payments, provided in an individual participant’s plan, flow through to a registered provider of SDA housing.


March 2020

Transitional housing and support in Australia for people with disability: Environmental scan

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Description:

Transitional services that bridge the gap between hospital and community can be effective in maximising the potential of people with disability and reducing admissions of young people to residential aged care (RAC). The purpose of this environmental scan was to scope current and recent transitional housing and support options suitable for people with disability and complex needs, and identify gaps in the system in order to provide an evidence base potential solutions.


Citation:

Winkler, D., Moore, S., Hilton, G., Bucolo, C., Mitsch, V., and Bishop, G. (2020). Summer Foundation.


March 2020

Specialist Disability Accommodation Supply in Australia: March 2020

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Description:

This report provides an update on the growth of Specialist Disability Accommodation (SDA) across Australia and the potential undersupply for SDA. It shares for the first time insights into current market sentiment and typical SDA management arrangements.


Citation:

Social Ventures Australia and Summer Foundation (2020).


March 2019

Specialist Disability Accommodation Supply in Australia: March 2019

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Description:

This report is the most comprehensive snapshot undertaken to date on how the market is responding to the opportunity to expand housing supply for people with disability. It highlights geographies and building types where the SDA market has had a strong early response, and shines a light on areas where SDA supply remains weak and needs more focus by providers and government.


Citation:

Social Ventures Australia and Summer Foundation (2019).


August 2018

Danny’s story – with his brother Michael

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Description:

Danny has MS, he recently suffered an infection which resulted in a hospital stay, he was unable to return home. It is important to Danny’s family that he stays living on the northern beaches.


July 2018

Mainstream housing options

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Description:

Most people with disability will not get Specialist Disability Accommodation (SDA) in their NDIS plan, but still want to choose where they live and who they live with. This guide is for you. It explains the different types of mainstream housing (any housing that is not SDA) and will help you look for housing that suits you.


February 2018

Establishing Effective SDA Projects

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Description:

This document shares the practical elements of what is involved in creating housing projects that are suitable for people with complex needs and eligible for Specialist Disability Accommodation (SDA) payments. The report provides an overview and checklist for six stages of delivering SDA projects.


February 2018

Housing for people with disability: evidence review of post-occupancy evaluation instruments

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Description:

This report reviews and analyses the evidence on post-occupancy evaluation (POE) instruments suited to assessing dwellings for people with disability who require high levels of physical support. It aims to inform development of a rigorous framework for the POE of dwellings for people with disability who require high levels of physical support with a view to enabling providers to continually evaluate and improve the design and suitability of their housing.


Citation:

Wilkinson, A., Brackertz, N., Fotheringham, M., Winkler, D. (2018). Australian Housing and Urban Research Institute.


January 2018

A successful transition to more independent living

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Description:

This report sets out the current understanding of what is required to support a tenant with complex support needs to successfully transition to living in their new home, pursuing their goals and aspirations with as much independence and confidence as possible.


August 2017

NDIS speciality disability accommodation: Pathway to a mature market

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Description:

This joint Summer Foundation–PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC) paper provides a broad overview of a mature Specialist Disability Accommodation (SDA) market from different perspectives.

 
This report aims to provide the information necessary to see the SDA market grow. It shares our vision of what a mature SDA market will look like, highlights 5 different types of market players involved and shares lessons learnt from the growth of other markets. It also identifies 9 key enablers that can be used to monitor the maturity of the SDA market.


Citation:

Winkler, D., Bo’sher, L., Taleporos, G., Brown, A., Gay, B., Hall, S., Lorenzo, R., Rutherford, T., Teschendorf, S., Tse, A., Yeo, M. (2017). Summer Foundation and PricewaterhouseCoopers.


April 2017

Shared home ownership by people with disability

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Description:

This study investigated the most appropriate and beneficial shared home ownership models for people with disability. While shared ownership brings potential benefits such as can enhancing housing choice, security of tenure and sense of ownership, it can expose people to debt risks. Capital investment by people with disability into shared ownership may also reduce the overall cost of housing assistance required by government to overcome the supply gap.


Citation:

Wiesel, I., Bullen, J., Fisher, K., Winkler, D., and Reynolds, A. (2017). Australian Housing and Urban Research Institute Final Report No. 277.


September 2016

Summer Foundation hunter pre-move reflections

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Description:

Summer Foundation Tenants discuss the anticipation of moving into their new homes.


October 2015

Housing for young people in nursing homes: A report from the Social Finance Think Tank

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Description:

The aim of the Social Finance Think Tank was to explore the development of a model of social finance for the Summer Foundation’s Housing Demonstration Projects for young people in nursing homes. The Think Tank’s initial work focused on the development of a model of social finance specifically for the Hunter Housing Demonstration Project, which was due for completion in December 2015.


Citation:

Winkler, D., Reynolds, A., Klein, L., and McLeod, J. (2015). Summer Foundation.


June 2012

Accommodation outcomes and transitions following community-based intervention for individuals with acquired brain injury

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Description:

This article explores the living situation, support and participation outcomes of people with severe acquired brain injury residing in either home-like or disability-specific accommodation settings, who were provided with 3 years of occupational therapy intervention based on the Community Approach to Participation


Citation:

Sloan, S., Callaway, L., Winkler, D., McKinley, K., and Ziino, C. (2012). Brain Impairment 13(1): 24-43.


January 2011

Moving from aged care facilities to community-based accommodation: Outcomes and environmental factors

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Description:

The objective of the current study is to explore the transition experiences of young people with acquired brain injury who have lived in aged care facilities and moved into community-based settings.


Citation:

Winkler, D., Farnworth, L., Sloan, S., Brown, T. (2011). Brain Injury 25(2): 153-168.


December 2010

Comparison of people with ABI living in two accommodation settings: Shared supported accommodation and residential aged care

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Description:

The aims of this article are twofold: (1) to describe the characteristics, support needs and level of community inclusion of people with an acquired brain injury living in shared supported accommodation in Victoria and (2) to compare the characteristics, support needs, social contact, community integration and leisure participation of this group with a group of people with ABI under 50 years old living in RAC reported in a previous study.


Citation:

Winkler, D., Farnworth, L., Sloan, S., Brown, T., and Callaway, L. (2010). Brain Impairment 11(3): 313-325.


December 2007

Long-term accommodation and support for people with higher levels of challenging behaviour

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Description:

The purpose of the present article is to describe the issues associated with providing lifelong accommodation and support to people with severe brain injury, neurobehavioural disability, and overt challenging behaviours. In particular, the article focuses on two groups of people within an Australian context: (a) those who live in community settings but whose behaviour is not adequately managed even by specialist outreach behaviour management services, and (b) those who are confined to aged care residential facilities and who show challenging behaviour.


Citation:

Kelly, G., and Winkler, D. (2007). Brain Impairment 8(3): 262-275.