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Research library


Our research library contains information we have gathered to help us understand the issue of young people living in aged care. This is information about the needs, preferences and outcomes of younger people with disability, the impact of the NDIS, and ways to solve the issue. To learn more about the Summer Foundation’s research program and our projects, see our 2021 annual research program report here.

There are 3 ways to search using the Filter Resources boxes below. You can type your key words in the first box or filter by tags or year of publication.

Please note that if a tag or year shows as (0) this means there are no publications in this particular library for that specified tag or year.

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Found 52 Results

July 2021

Interim Report – Moving into new housing designed for people with disability: Evaluation of tenant outcomes

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Description:

The preliminary findings presented in this interim report examine the tenant outcomes of people with disability moving into SDA-funded apartments, with appropriate technology, support, design and location, in the 10+1 model. The overarching aim of the research project is to systematically evaluate individual outcomes of tenants moving to newly built, SDA-funded contemporary models of housing for people with disability over a 3-year period.

To date, this project has found that tenants have a greater level of community participation and are significantly more involved in household tasks such as meal preparation, shopping and electronic social networking post-move. There is also a positive trend towards improved social integration. These changes reflect the fact that tenants moving into SDA-funded apartments are more involved in everyday life compared to their pre-move living situation, suggesting that the 10+1 model better enables people with severe disabilities to fulfil their aspirations to live an ordinary life.

 


Citation:

Winkler, D., Douglas, J., Oliver, S., D’Cruz, K., Naismith, J., Minter, E., & Liddicoat, S. (2021).


research journal

May 2021

General Considerations for Conducting Online Qualitative Research and Practice Implications for Interviewing People with Acquired Brain Injury

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Description:

This paper examines the existing literature and maps out the potential practical, ethical and methodological considerations when adapting research methods to an online environment, with suggestions for practice when working with adults with acquired brain injury (ABI). People with ABI experience a range of impairments likely to be impacted by the adaptation of interview methods to an online space. This paper discusses the benefits and challenges of conducting qualitative interviews online and maps out the key practical, ethical and methodological considerations for planning and conducting interviews. Being aware of the potential complexities with interviewing people with ABI online should enable researchers to plan strategies to overcome challenges accordingly. It is hoped that the guidance and suggestions offered in this paper will assist researchers to deliver best practice research while protecting the welfare of participants with ABI, and more generally.


Citation:

Topping, M., Douglas, J., Winkler, D. (2021)


Housing seeker snapshot

May 2021

Housing Seeker Snapshot

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Description:

A new version of the Housing Hub website was launched in August 2020. On this new version of the Housing Hub, people with disability who are looking for a home – housing seekers – can provide data about their housing needs and preferences and the website can then identify properties listed that are a close match.

 

In this data snapshot, the Housing Hub is releasing data from housing seekers in a summarised way to inform the market. By doing this, the Housing Hub is working to ensure that the wants and needs of housing seekers are driving the market.

 

The Housing Hub intends to release this information every 6 months.


Citation:

Rathbone, A., Aimers, N., Winkler, D. (2021). Housing Hub and Summer Foundation.


Study 2

March 2021

Study 2 – Accessible design, hospital discharge and ageing in place: A national survey of occupational therapists

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Description:

This report is the second of two studies investigating accessible housing conducted through the Summer Foundation–La Trobe University research program, to inform decision-makers on incorporating minimum mandatory accessibility standards in the 2022 National Construction Code (NCC).
 
This study points to the inefficiencies of retrospectively modifying homes, rather than incorporating minimum accessibility features as standard in new homes.
 
Download the Preliminary Findings summary for this report.


Citation:

D’Cruz, K., Winkler, D., Douglas, J., Wellecke, C., Goodwin, I., Davis, E. (2021).


Study 1

March 2021

Study 1 – Incorporating minimum accessibility standards in new housing: A survey of access consultants and-architects

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Description:

This report is the first of two studies investigating accessible housing conducted through the Summer Foundation–La Trobe University research program. These reports provide an evidence base to inform decision-makers on incorporating minimum mandatory accessibility standards in the 2022 National Construction Code (NCC).
 
This study seeks the expert opinions of access consultants and architects on how expensive and complicated it would be for builders to incorporate specific accessible features into all new homes. It surveyed 24 access consultants and architects with expert knowledge of the Livable Housing Australia Design Guidelines.
 
Download the Preliminary Findings summary for this report.


Citation:

Winkler, D., Harvey, C., Davis, E., Goodwin, I., Wellecke, C., Douglas, J.,Mulherin, P. (2021)


Young People in Residential Aged Care report cover

March 2021

Young People in Residential Aged Care in Australia, 2019 – 2020

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Description:

This report utilises the available administrative data from the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, and the NDIA to describe the characteristics and geographical distribution of young people in permanent residential aged care (RAC) in Australia in 2019-2020. It finds that as at 30 June 2020, 4,860 people under 65 years, including 130 people under 45 years, were living in permanent RAC. They accounted for 2.6% and 0.1%, respectively, of all residents in permanent RAC. The number of young people under 65 years residing in permanent RAC decreased by 13.3% compared to 12 months prior.


Citation:

Bishop, G.M., Mulherin, P., Winkler, D. (2021)


February 2021

Audit of accessible features in new build houses plans

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Description:

This study audited 20 of the most popular house designs from Australia’s most active volume home builders. It found that many features of the Silver, Gold and Platinum levels of Livable Housing Australia’s (LHA) Livable Housing Design Guidelines are already incorporated into new dwellings produced by these builders.

Version 1.1 Updated February 2021.


Citation:

Winkler, D., Martel, A., Chen, Y., & Greaves, T. (2021)


January 2021

Specialist Disability Accommodation Supply in Australia: January 2021

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Description:

This report provides a comprehensive summary of the current supply of Specialist Disability Accommodation (SDA) in Australia. A national survey of SDA providers and developers was undertaken in October-November 2020. This survey offers insights into the SDA pipeline across Australia in 2020, and combines the survey results with the data published by the NDIA to provide the market an estimate of the supply pipeline. This report also provides insights into the experience of SDA providers. This includes their views about the SDA market as a whole, as well as plans they may have to develop further SDA.

This is the third annual report of its type, building on previous work of the Summer Foundation and Social Ventures Australia. The data in this report results from a survey of SDA providers in October and November 2020.

Previous editions of this report can be downloaded below.

Specialist Disability Accommodation Supply in Australia: March 2020
Specialist Disability Accommodation Supply in Australia: March 2019


Citation:

Housing Hub and Summer Foundation. (2021).


December 2020

Specialist Disability Accommodation (SDA) explainer for investors

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Description:

Impact investment is gaining considerable momentum in Australia and is starting to engage mainstream investors, investment banks and super funds. Impact investments generate a positive and measurable social and/or environmental impact as well as a financial return for investors. One of the limiting factors for the growth of impact investment in Australia is the lack of products that have the capacity for investment at scale. The Specialist Disability Accommodation (SDA) market is well placed to leverage private capital. The aim of this report is to provide a plain language summary of the SDA market to support impact investors to make informed choices about SDA impact investment opportunities.


Citation:

Winkler, D., McLeod, J., Mulherin, P., Rathbone, A., Ryan, M. (2020). Summer Foundation and JBWere.


October 2020

Factors that influence the quality of paid support for adults with acquired neurological disability: Scoping review and thematic synthesis

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Description:

This review aims to understand the factors that influence the quality of paid disability support for adults with acquired neurological disability. The findings provide insights to PWD hiring and managing support, and facilitate the delivery of quality disability support.


Citation:

Topping, M., Douglas, J., and Winkler, D. (2020). Disability and Rehabilitation.


September 2020

A scoping review to explore the experiences and outcomes of younger people with disabilities in residential aged care facilities

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Description:

This review maps the literature on the experiences and outcomes of young people with disability who are placed in aged care, and highlights the negative outcomes young people experience while living in aged care.


Citation:

Oliver, S., Gosden-Kaye, E., Jarman. H,, Winkler. D,, and Douglas. J, (2020). Brain Injury, 34(11): 1446-1460.


September 2020

Young people in residential aged care (2018-2019): A snapshot

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Description:

This report utilises available administrative data to describe the characteristics and geographical distribution of young people in permanent residential aged care (RAC) in Australia in 2018-2019.


Citation:

Bishop, G., Rinehart, N., and Winkler, D. (2020). Summer Foundation.


September 2020

Smart home and communication technology for people with disability: A scoping review

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Description:

This review explores the impact of smart home and communication technology on the outcomes of people with disabilities and complex needs. It finds that smart home and communication technology can improve outcomes for people living with disabilities and complex needs. However, a number of factors impact the successful implementation of technology, including personalization, flexibility and ongoing support to the person with a disability and their close others.


Citation:

Jamwal, R., Jarman, H., Roseingrave, E., Douglas, J., and Winkler, D. (2020). Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology.


July 2020

The outcomes of individualized housing for people with disability and complex needs: A scoping review

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Description:

This review determines what is currently known about outcomes associated with individualised housing for adults with disability and complex needs.


Citation:

Oliver, S., Gosden-Kaye, E., Winkler, D., and Douglas, J. (2020). Disability and Rehabilitation.


July 2020

Young people in Australian residential aged care: Evaluating trends from 2008 to 2018

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Description:

This paper reports trends in the number of young people entering and exiting aged care. Many more young people are admitted to aged care each year than return to community living, with no sustained change between 2008 and 2018 at the national level.


Citation:

Brown, M., Bishop, G., Winkler, D., and Douglas, J. (2020). Australian Health Review.


May 2020

Personal protective equipment needs of NDIS participants during COVID-19: Preliminary results

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Description:

People with disability, especially those with underlying medical conditions, are disproportionately vulnerable during COVID-19. A national survey conducted in April 2020 obtained the perspective of 351 National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS) participants on their personal protective equipment (PPE) needs. The 30 question survey was designed to inform a national strategy to source PPE and provide an accessible distribution pathway to NDIS participants.


Citation:

Winkler, D., Douglas, J., Rinehart, N., Jamwal, R., Bishop, G., and Jarman, H. (2020). Summer Foundation.


March 2020

Transitional housing and support in Australia for people with disability: Environmental scan

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Description:

Transitional services that bridge the gap between hospital and community can be effective in maximising the potential of people with disability and reducing admissions of young people to residential aged care (RAC). The purpose of this environmental scan was to scope current and recent transitional housing and support options suitable for people with disability and complex needs, and identify gaps in the system in order to provide an evidence base potential solutions.


Citation:

Winkler, D., Moore, S., Hilton, G., Bucolo, C., Mitsch, V., and Bishop, G. (2020). Summer Foundation.


March 2020

Specialist Disability Accommodation Supply in Australia: March 2020

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Description:

This report provides an update on the growth of Specialist Disability Accommodation (SDA) across Australia and the potential undersupply for SDA. It shares for the first time insights into current market sentiment and typical SDA management arrangements.


Citation:

Social Ventures Australia and Summer Foundation (2020).


January 2020

Sharing stories of lived experience: A qualitative analysis of the intersection of experiences between storytellers with acquired brain injury and storytelling facilitators

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Description:

Sharing stories of lived experience of disability presents an opportunity for meaningful occupational engagement, enabling social connectedness and contribution to society. This paper reports on the intersection of experiences between those sharing their story and those listening to the story.


Citation:

D’Cruz, K., Douglas, J., and Serry, T. (2020). British Journal of Occupational Therapy 83(9): 576-584.


December 2019

Understanding the factors that influence the quality of paid disability support for adults with acquired neurological disability and complex needs: A scoping review protocol

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Description:

Adults with complex needs often require paid support to enable them to exercise choice and control and participate fully and effectively in society. Given support is so critical for this population, this review aims to further understand the factors that influence the quality of paid disability support for adults with acquired neurological disability and complex needs.


Citation:

Topping, M., Douglas, J., and Winkler, D. (2019). BMJ Open.


August 2019

Young People in Residential Aged Care (2017-2018): A Snapshot

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Description:

This report utilises available administrative data to describe the characteristics and geographical distribution of young people in permanent residential aged care (RAC) in Australia in 2017-2018.


Citation:

Bishop, G., Zail, J., Bo’sher, L., Winkler, D. (2019). Summer Foundation.


March 2019

Specialist Disability Accommodation Supply in Australia: March 2019

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Description:

This report is the most comprehensive snapshot undertaken to date on how the market is responding to the opportunity to expand housing supply for people with disability. It highlights geographies and building types where the SDA market has had a strong early response, and shines a light on areas where SDA supply remains weak and needs more focus by providers and government.


Citation:

Social Ventures Australia and Summer Foundation (2019).


March 2019

Narrative storytelling as both an advocacy tool and a therapeutic process

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Description:

This paper focuses upon the experiences of eight adults with acquired brain injury who had participated in storytelling workshops facilitated by an advocacy organization. This study contributes to an emerging area of research and practice supporting positive identity growth following brain injury. The findings present substantial implications for goal setting and meaningful productive engagement in brain injury rehabilitation.


Citation:

D’Cruz, K., Douglas, K., and Serry, T. (2020). Neuropsychological Rehabilitation 30(8): 1409-1429.


January 2019

The use of electronic assistive technology for social networking by people with disability living in shared supported accommodation

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Description:

This study examines the use of electronic assistive technology for social networking by people with disability living in shared supported accommodation (SSA), and compare participants’ Electronic Social Networking (ESN) integration with Australian ESN normative data.


Citation:

Jamwal, R., Enticott, J., Farnworth, L., Winkler, D., and Callaway, L. (2020). Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology 15(1): 101-108.


June 2018

Hospital discharge planning for young people with complex disability: Literature review

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Description:

The aim of the discharge planning process is to improve the coordination of a person’s services post-discharge and reduce the likelihood of unplanned hospital re-admissions. This review sought to explore the current evidence base for hospital discharge planning for young adults (aged 18-64) with disability and complex support needs. Successful discharge planning for this group is complex and requires effective cooperation between health and disability services.


Citation:

Knox, L., Symmons, M., Douglas, J., Hilton, G., Winkler, D. (2018). Summer Foundation.


March 2018

SDA market insights

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Description:

Knowing where Specialist Disability Accommodation (SDA) is required, what people’s needs and preferences are and insights into new SDA being built allow investors, SDA developers and housing providers to plan with confidence. This report is the result of a collaboration between SGS Economics, the Australian Housing and Urban Research Institute and the Summer Foundation.


Citation:

SGS Economics and Planning Pty Ltd and Summer Foundation (2018).


March 2018

Evaluating the use of smart home technology by people with brain impairment: Protocol for a single-case experimental design

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Description:

Smart home technologies are emerging as a useful component of support delivery for people with brain impairment. The objective of this paper is to present a systematic smart home technology training approach for people with brain impairment.


Citation:

Jamwal, R., Callaway, L., Winkler, D., Farnworth, L., Tate, R. (2018). JMIR Research Protocols 7(11).


February 2018

Housing for people with disability: evidence review of post-occupancy evaluation instruments

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Description:

This report reviews and analyses the evidence on post-occupancy evaluation (POE) instruments suited to assessing dwellings for people with disability who require high levels of physical support. It aims to inform development of a rigorous framework for the POE of dwellings for people with disability who require high levels of physical support with a view to enabling providers to continually evaluate and improve the design and suitability of their housing.


Citation:

Wilkinson, A., Brackertz, N., Fotheringham, M., Winkler, D. (2018). Australian Housing and Urban Research Institute.


August 2017

Electronic assistive technology use in Australian shared supported accommodation: Rates and user characteristics

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Description:

Electronic assistive technologies (EATs) are fast becoming considered an essential component of everyday life. To date, there has been little research on the use of EAT by people living in shared supported accommodation (SSA), one of the major community-based housing options for people with disability (PwD) in Australia.


Citation:

Jamwal, R., Callaway, L., Farnworth, L., and Winkler, D. (2018). Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology 13(7): 634-640.


August 2017

Personal narrative approaches in rehabilitation following traumatic brain injury: A synthesis of qualitative research

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Description:

The aim of this review is to identify published evidence on the use of personal narrative approaches in rehabilitation following traumatic brain injury and to synthesise the findings across this literature.


Citation:

D’Cruz, K., Douglas, K., and Serry, T. (2019). Neuropsychological Rehabilitation 29(7): 985-1004.


April 2017

Shared home ownership by people with disability

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Description:

This study investigated the most appropriate and beneficial shared home ownership models for people with disability. While shared ownership brings potential benefits such as can enhancing housing choice, security of tenure and sense of ownership, it can expose people to debt risks. Capital investment by people with disability into shared ownership may also reduce the overall cost of housing assistance required by government to overcome the supply gap.


Citation:

Wiesel, I., Bullen, J., Fisher, K., Winkler, D., and Reynolds, A. (2017). Australian Housing and Urban Research Institute Final Report No. 277.


February 2017

Electronic assistive technology used by people with acquired brain injury in shared supported accommodation: Implications for occupational therapy

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Description:

This study aimed to identify electronic assistive technology types used by people with acquired brain injury living in shared supported accommodation, assess user satisfaction and psychosocial impact of electronic assistive technology, detail the impact of technology use on respondents’ participation and support needs, and describe barriers and/or facilitators to electronic assistive technology uptake and ongoing use.


Citation:

Jamwal, R., Callaway, L., Ackerl, J., Farnworth, L., and Winkler, D. (2017). British Journal of Occupational Therapy 80(2): 89-98.


Maintaining and developing friendships following severe traumatic brain injury- Principles of occupational therapy practice

April 2016

The Community Integration Questionnaire – Revised: Australian normative data and measurement of electronic social networking

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Description:

This paper has four aims: (i) develop and pilot items assessing ESN to add to the Community Integration Questionnaire, producing the Community Integration Questionnaire-Revised (CIQ-R); (ii) examine factor structure of the CIQ-R; (iii) collect Australian CIQ-R normative data; and (iv) assess test-retest reliability of the revised measure.


Citation:

Callaway, L., Winkler, D., Tippett, A., Herd, N., Migliorini, C., and Willer, B. (2016). Australian Occupational Therapy Journal 63(3): 143-153.


January 2016

Everyday choice making: Outcomes of young people with acquired brain injury after moving from residential aged care to community-based supported accommodation

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Description:

This article examines the opportunities young people with acquired brain injury have to make everyday choices after moving out of residential aged care into community-based shared supported accommodation.


Citation:

Winkler, D., Callaway, L., Sloan, S., and Holgate, N. (2015). Brain Impairment 16(3): 221-235.


October 2015

Housing for young people in nursing homes: A report from the Social Finance Think Tank

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Description:

The aim of the Social Finance Think Tank was to explore the development of a model of social finance for the Summer Foundation’s Housing Demonstration Projects for young people in nursing homes. The Think Tank’s initial work focused on the development of a model of social finance specifically for the Hunter Housing Demonstration Project, which was due for completion in December 2015.


Citation:

Winkler, D., Reynolds, A., Klein, L., and McLeod, J. (2015). Summer Foundation.


September 2014

The Community Integration Questionnaire – Revised (CIQ-R)

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Description:

The Community Integration Questionnaire is a tool used by researchers to gather information about how connected people are to their communities.
 
This paper revises the Community Integration Questionnaire (CIQ-R), an instrument for assessing outcomes of rehabilitation after traumatic brain injury (TBI), including the goals of people living with the effects of TBI.
 
The Summer Foundation has produced a video that explains how to use our CIQ-R. You can also download the scoring guidelines.
 
Please complete this order form if you would like a hard copy of this resource.


Citation:

Callaway, L., Winkler, D., Tippett, A., Migliorini, C., Herd, N., and Willer, B. (2014). Summer Foundation.


June 2012

Accommodation outcomes and transitions following community-based intervention for individuals with acquired brain injury

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Description:

This article explores the living situation, support and participation outcomes of people with severe acquired brain injury residing in either home-like or disability-specific accommodation settings, who were provided with 3 years of occupational therapy intervention based on the Community Approach to Participation


Citation:

Sloan, S., Callaway, L., Winkler, D., McKinley, K., and Ziino, C. (2012). Brain Impairment 13(1): 24-43.


June 2012

The Victorian younger people in residential aged care initiative: Evaluation of quality of life outcomes

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Description:

This evaluation of quality of life outcomes for Victorian YPIRAC participants demonstrated improvements in quality of life for the majority of service users as well as their family members. This evaluation involved interviews with 68 people with disabilities who had received YPIRAC services.


Citation:

Winkler, D., Holgate, N., Sloan, S., and Callaway, L. (2012). Summer Foundation.


August 2011

Young people in aged care: Progress of the current national program

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Description:

This paper examines the progress and effect of the current 5-year $244 million national Young People in Residential Aged Care program on the reduction of young people in aged care. It highlights the challenges of achieving a long-term reduction in the number of young people in residential aged care, including the challenge of achieving systemic change to prevent new admissions.


Citation:

Winkler, D., Farnworth, L., Sloan, S., and Brown, T. (2011). Australian Health Review 35: 320-326.


January 2011

Moving from aged care facilities to community-based accommodation: Outcomes and environmental factors

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Description:

The objective of the current study is to explore the transition experiences of young people with acquired brain injury who have lived in aged care facilities and moved into community-based settings.


Citation:

Winkler, D., Farnworth, L., Sloan, S., Brown, T. (2011). Brain Injury 25(2): 153-168.


December 2010

People under 50 with acquired brain injury living in residential aged care

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Description:

The aim of this article is to describe the characteristics, needs and preferences of people under 50 with an acquired brain injury living in residential aged care in Victoria and examine implications for service development.


Citation:

Winkler, D., Sloan, S., and Callaway, L. (2010). Brain Impairment 11(3): 299-312.


December 2010

Comparison of people with ABI living in two accommodation settings: Shared supported accommodation and residential aged care

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Description:

The aims of this article are twofold: (1) to describe the characteristics, support needs and level of community inclusion of people with an acquired brain injury living in shared supported accommodation in Victoria and (2) to compare the characteristics, support needs, social contact, community integration and leisure participation of this group with a group of people with ABI under 50 years old living in RAC reported in a previous study.


Citation:

Winkler, D., Farnworth, L., Sloan, S., Brown, T., and Callaway, L. (2010). Brain Impairment 11(3): 313-325.


December 2009

The community approach to participation: Outcomes following acquired brain injury intervention

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Description:

This study investigates the participation outcomes of individuals with severe acquired brain injury (ABI) who were provided with up to 12 months of intervention based on the Community Approach to Participation (CAP).


Citation:

Sloan, S., Callaway, L., Winkler, D., McKinley, K., Ziino, C., and Anson, K. (2009). Brain Impairment 10(3): 282-294.


December 2009

Changes in care and support needs following community-based intervention for individuals with acquired brain injury

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Description:

This article examines the care and support and participation outcomes for individuals with severe acquired brain injury provided with three consecutive years of Community Approach to Participation (CAP) intervention.


Citation:

Sloan, S., Callaway, L., Winkler, D., McKinley, K., Ziino, C., and Anson, K. (2009). Brain Impairment 10(3): 295-306.


December 2007

Long-term outcomes following traumatic brain injury

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Description:

This paper aims to investigate care needs, functional outcome, role participation and community integration approximately nine years following severe brain injury. It also aims to gain an understanding of the ongoing cost of care and support needs for this group.


Citation:

Sloan S, Winkler D, and Anson K (2007). Brain Impairment 8(3): 251-261.


December 2007

Long-term accommodation and support for people with higher levels of challenging behaviour

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Description:

The purpose of the present article is to describe the issues associated with providing lifelong accommodation and support to people with severe brain injury, neurobehavioural disability, and overt challenging behaviours. In particular, the article focuses on two groups of people within an Australian context: (a) those who live in community settings but whose behaviour is not adequately managed even by specialist outreach behaviour management services, and (b) those who are confined to aged care residential facilities and who show challenging behaviour.


Citation:

Kelly, G., and Winkler, D. (2007). Brain Impairment 8(3): 262-275.


January 2007

Younger people in residential aged care: Support needs, preferences and future directions

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Description:

As part of the my future my choice initiative in Victoria, people less than 50 years of age living in RAC were offered an individualised planning and assessment process to assist them and their family or key others to consider their specific healthcare and accommodation needs, aspirations and other important lifestyle factors. It provided an opportunity to explore options and consider models of care to best meet each individual’s needs and preferences.


Citation:

Winkler, D., Sloan, S., and Callaway, L. (2007). Summer Foundation.


February 2006

People under 60 living in aged care facilities in Victoria

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Description:

This article describes the characteristics of people under 60 years of age living in residential aged care in Victoria and examines the occupational participation of younger residents in aged care facilities by measuring their social contact, participation in recreation and community access.


Citation:

Winkler, D., Farnworth, L., Sloan, S. (2006). Australian Health Review 30: 100-108.


January 2006

Factors that lead to successful community integration following severe traumatic brain injury

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Description:

This article aims to assess and identify predictive factors of community integration of people 3 to 15 years after severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). It finds that interventions that minimize challenging behavior and disability may make a significant difference to the level of community integration experienced by people with severe TBI.


Citation:

Winkler D, Unsworth C, Sloan S (2006). Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation 21(1): 8-21


August 2005

Maintaining and developing friendships following severe traumatic brain injury: Principles of occupational therapy practice

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Description:

This paper explores the role of occpational therapists, and describes principles of practice, in supporting and fostering friendships following traumatic brain injury.


Citation:

Callaway L, Sloan S, Winkler D (2005). Australian Occupational Therapy Journal 52(3): 257-260.


April 2005

Time use following a severe traumatic brain injury

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Description:

The aim of this study was to compare the time use of 37 people more than three years post injury with time use in the general Australian population. This time use study was part of a broader research project, which examined community integration and factors that lead to successful community integration. The results of this study were that the TBI sample spent less time in employment related activities and more time on personal care than the general population.


Citation:

Winkler, D., Unsworth, C., and Sloan, S. (2005). Journal of Occupational Science 12(2): 69-81.


May 2004

Community integration following severe traumatic brain injury: Outcomes and best practice

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Description:

This paper examines traumatic brain injury (TBI) community integration outcome literature and selected theoretical models. It also describes a Community Approach to Participation (CAP), an individualised and collaborative model of community-based practice, which endeavours to address the poor outcomes identified following TBI.


Citation:

Sloan, S., Winkler, D., and Callaway, L. (2004). Brain Impairment 5(1): 12-29.


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